Wolfgang Kreutter:
Group of sculptures ‘The Shepherds’ (1982), bronze


Wolfgang Kreutter:
Group of sculptures ‘The Shepherds’ (1982), bronze


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Bronze | handmade | patinated | polished | signed | with expertise | formats 24 x 16 x 17 cm + 20 x 23 x 17 cm (W/H/D)


Wolfgang Kreutter: Group of sculptures ‘The Shepherds’ (1982), bronze

The group of sculptures ‘Shepherds’ from the year 1982 radiates special peace and harmony. The design can be interpreted as the symbol of deep Christian love: God protects us, under his coat we are safe. However, the objects are also the symbol of true leadership: the shepherds are responsible for the flock entrusted to them ... Pure handiwork made of fine red brass bronze, cast using the lost wax casting method, patinated and polished. Signed in casting. Delivery with expertise. Formats: ‘Sitting Shepherd’: 24 x 16 x 17 cm, ‘Standing Shepherd’: 20 x 23 x 17 cm (W/H/D).

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The sculptor and art educator Wolfgang Kreutter (1924-1989) became known especially for its Christian themes. So he designed numerous churches, chapels and meetinghouses. Kreutter worked intensively with the materials stone, glass, wood and bronze. His expressive small sculptures are very popular among collectors. Since the 50s Wolfgang Kreutter presented his works at numerous exhibitions in Germany and abroad. In 1971 he was awarded the State Prize of North Rhine-Westphalia.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

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