Sculpture "Socrates", Artificial Marble


Sculpture "Socrates", Artificial Marble

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Museum replica | Artificial marble | Format 20 x 12 x 6 cm (H/W/D)

Sculpture "Socrates", Artificial Marble

"I know that I know nothing"

This phrase becomes the essence of the human science, as the Delphi oracle was one of the wisest men of his world. In Delphi the god Apollo had killed the dragon Python. The spirit had overwhelmed the spirits of the live and inanimate world. For this reason the Greeks had built a temple.

In this beautiful, elightened center Socrates was born in the family of a midwife and a sculptor. We don't know if Socrates followed the steps of his farther, but he had money for armour and weapons to take part in three batles as a hoplite. There he proved himself as strong, prudent and corageous man. He even dragged his wounded friend Alkibiades from the center of the battle.
From his students, for the main part from Pluto, the Socrates, who didn't write himself, spent the main part of his life in Agora, the life centre of the Athens, where he often took part in discussions with other citizen. Either with craftsmen, sales people, politicians, judges or wise sophists, he wanted to come to the essence of laws, of the right things in their thoughts.

Socrates was convinced that the ability to recognize the good as a divine light, as a divine gift, as a piece of God in every man. In the biblical story of creation by the way the same, positive basic idea was designed to tragic fall.
Socrates developed a form of a piercing questioning dialog, in course of which the interlocutors were to discover the original knowledge. He called this question technique the midwifery, the spiritual help of birth. During such exhaustive dialogs he acquired friends who later founded the philosophy schools.
For Socrates a lack of knowledge or pretended knowledge were the same as malicious illusion "Man can stand bad if he doesn't know what is good!" How timely! According to the Delphic saying "Study yourself!" he never lost the love to wisdom, philosophy, to fundamental values as virtue, justice or courage. He permanently searched for a moral basis for right thoughts and actions.
His adversaries accused him of “bed influence on the Greek young people” and his "disregard for the Greek gods", he was sentenced by the institutions of the still adolescent democracy to death. In his defense speech he mentioned himself that for his work he received the honor close the fame of the Olympic Games winners. Nevertheless, he accepted the misjudgment according to his own moral believes, because "it is better to suffer wrong than to do wrong."
His way to death, held in a sovereign style, he gained immortality With his sovereign way to go to his death, he was immortal. "Do not forget to sacrifice a cock to Asclepius!" These were the last words after he drank the hemlock.
Where is the Socrates of our time? In either by us! Let watch this truly wise man about your decisions.
Socrates (469-399 BC..): Polymeric museum replica. Imitation marble. 20 x 12 x 6 cm (H / W / D). Correct Portrait of philosophers as unfinished work to a figure from the 4th century. V. Chr. In the British Museum.

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Minoan culture, Mycenean culture
The Cretan art is also named Minoan art, after the legendary King Minos.

Cretan-Minoan art is the art of Crete from about 2900 - 1600 B.C. (Minoan art) and the Mycenaean art of Crete and the Greek mainland from about 1600 - 1100 B.C., in Crete only to 1200 B.C.

German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered significant remains of this culture in the shaft graves of Mycenae, that had their heyday in the 14th and 13th centuries B.C. A well-preserved testimony is the Lion Gate from the 13th century B.C.

Splendidly decorated vases are the artworks of ceramics that have best survived the turmoil of millennia. Snake Goddess (around 1500 B.C.), a faience figurine, that has been discovered in the Temple Repositories of the Knossos palace are also famous. Bronze vessels of that time were primarily used in household. Daggers, swords and armor were then also made of bronze.

The jewelery of the Cretan-Mycenaean ladies was made of gold, rock crystal, lapis lazuli, ivory, faience and glass.

Geometric culture
The geometric art developed as a continuation of the late Mycenaean art on the Greek mainland towards the end of the late 11th century B.C. Mathematically regulatory will of style entered the geometric art replacing natural Crete-Mycenaean formal language. Another new feature is the use of the ruler and the compass. The jewelry of this time is also based on strict geometric principles.

Archaic culture
The architecture developed from the temples of the 8th and 7th century B.C. Initially, mudbrick and wood were used for building, later the forms were transferred to stone. A monumental style developed in sculpture. Marble, bronze, clay and limestone were used as materials. Gods, heroes, victorious competitors were embodied in typical young nude statues. Gods or sacred figures were portrayed in clothes.

In addition to sculpture there has also developed relief art, which was preferably used for decorating the temple.

The statuettes made of clay and bronze appeared since the 6th century B.C.

Classical culture (5th and 4th century B.C.)
The beginning of the Greek Classical period falls in the stirring times of the great statesman Pericles. Thanks to his democratic politics Athens became the focal point of cultural life and artistic creation in ancient Greece.

The classic architecture refined the shapes and proportions to perfection. The Temple of Zeus at Olympia, the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens and other major temples arose.

In sculpture, the time of the Severe style began. The rigid forms of the earlier period were blown up, the human body was studied anatomically. Top performances of the Severe style include the Charioteer of Delphi and the Artemision Bronze, that was recovered from the sea by fishermen.

A further increase brought the High Classical sculpture. Sculptors like Myron, Phidias and Polykleitos created sculptures that affect the statuary art to the present day. (discus thrower, Athena-Marsyas group, the heroes of Riace, etc.)

In the 4th century, a romantic conception prevailed. Praxiteles and Lysippos determined the art of the time. Sculptures such as Hermes and the Infant Dionysus, Pouring Satyr and especially the Aphrodite of Cnidus are magnificent examples of the artistic conception of Classical Greece.

With the conquests of Alexander the Great, the Greek art dominated in the Mediterranean and in the Orient. In the temple construction the Ionic and Corinthian style prevailed.

Lysippos initiated the statuary art of the Hellenistic period. The temples like in Pergamon were richly decorated with statues. The Winged Victory of Samothrace was created at the beginning of the 2nd century B.C. and Venus de Milo – towards the end of the century. The Hellenistic sculpture experienced its endpoint and last increase with Laocoön Group. The painting of the period was determined by Apelles. The Hellenistic painters represented such themes as historical events, portraits and genre paintings.

Sculptural representation of person's head and shoulders.

Marble powder bound by a polymer. Artificial marble is characterized by a fine white surface that comes very close to marble.

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A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

The mold is usually taken directly from the original, so that the replica reproduces even the finest details. After casting the replica, using the most appropriate method, the surface is polished, patinated, gilded or painted according to the original.

A replica of ars mundi is a recognizable image of the original.