Man Ray:
Sculpture "Cadeau" (1974), Bronze

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Man Ray:
Sculpture "Cadeau" (1974), Bronze

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https://www.arsmundi.com/en/sculpture-cadeau-man-ray-788901.html

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Order-nr. IN-788901

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Limited, 5.000 copies | Numbered | Signed | Bronze | Format 34 x 17 x 18 cm (H x B x T)

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Man Ray: Sculpture "Cadeau" (1974), Bronze

Iron studded with nails in the creations of American artist Man Ray is an icon of surrealism. He created the first version of "Cadeau" as a humorous gift for the composer Erik Satie. "One can thus tear a dress", said the artist himself about his object that has become unusable for its original function, and has turned into a work of art.

Sculpture-Edition in Bronze, 1974. Edition: 5.000 copies, numbered and signed. Height: 34 cm, width: 17 cm, depth: 18 cm.

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Ray (1890-1976) was born as Emanuel Radinsky, son of a Jewish tailor who had emigrated from Russia. He began to paint at the age of 5, and at the age of 25 had his first solo exhibition. He founded together with Marcel Duchamp New York Dada movement. In 1921, he went to Paris. As in 1924 the surrealism developed from Dadaism out, Man Ray was also one of its founders and took part in the exhibition of the Surrealists. He was the founder of modern photography, painter and sculptor, turned avant-garde films and created collages, prints, drawings and lyric works. In 1961 he was awarded at the Biennale of Venice the gold medal. The irrational and the incongruent that takes the erotic and potentially scandalous on the grain is characteristic of his work. "The pursuit of freedom and the pursuit of pleasure - it all over my art” he said.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

Designation for an art object (sculpture, installation), which is produced according to the will of the artist in multiple copies in a limited and numbered edition.

Artist's multiple contributed to "democratization" of art as the work was made available and affordable for a wider audience.

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