Auguste Renoir:
Sculpture "Mother and Child" (1916), Reduction in Bronze

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Auguste Renoir:
Sculpture "Mother and Child" (1916), Reduction in Bronze

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ars mundi special edition | Limited, 980 copies | Numbered | Signature | Casting stamp | Certificate | Bronze | Patinated | Reduction | Format 29 x 13 x 16 cm (H/W/D) | Weight 4.5 kg

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Auguste Renoir: Sculpture "Mother and Child" (1916), Reduction in Bronze

Especially at ars mundi: Renoir as a sculptor. Museum edition issued in collaboration with Kunsthalle Bremen.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) is famous for atmospheric light impressionistic paintings. His interest to plastic works evolved from his late creations from 1907.

The brone figure "Mother and Child" show the wife of Renoir Aline (1859-1915) brestfeeding their son Pierre. The fact that the intimate scene presents the figure in the open air is supported by the straw har and a piece of cloth which protec the mother and the son from sun. The mother looks as if she is speaking, laughing and looking somewhere over the child while the baby is playing with his right foot.

Renoir got back to his earlier paintings and drawings from the years 1885/86 (Musée d’Orsay, Paris and private collections) where the painter portrayed his wife-to-be and their newly born son in this pose. Renoir addressed to one of the most traditional topics of art - Madonna with a child – and created a personal portrait where he depicted this intimate and familiar moment between his wife and son.

“The Mother And Child”:
Fine bronze, hand-prepared in lost-wax casting technique and patinated in black like an original painting. The shape was taken directly from the original and reduced (reduction). Limited edition of 980 copies, each numbered and punched with the signature and casting hallmark taken from the original. Ars mundi special edition, issued in collaboration with Kunsthalle Bremen. With a numbered authenticity and limiting certificate. Format 29 x 13 x 16 cm (H/W/D). Weight 4.5 kg.

"The French art of the 19th and early 20th centuries takes a central part in the collection of the Kunsthalle Bremen (the Bremen Art Gallery). Here belong the works of Pierre-Auguste Renoir. The artist is popular as a painter and it is very interesting that the statue was preceded by the painting. The sculpture shows Renoir as an emphatic painter which represents the intimate connection between mother and child in the sculptural snapshot. To reveal this prominent work of Renoir to the world as a high-quality reproduction corresponds with the philosophy of our house and museum. (Prof. Dr. Christoph Grunenberg, the Director of the Kunsthalle Bremen)

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Renoir was born in 1841 in Limoges and his works are characterized by his indestructible belief in the life-giving power of nature. The bright colours of its landscapes, the sensual grace of the images of women and young girls with her light laughter witness.

First, Renoir worked as a porcelain painter and studied at the Louvre of Antoine Watteau and François Boucher. In 1862 he began studying at the École of des Beaux Arts to the end of the 60s under the influence of the Barbizon School of plein-air painting. As well as Claude Monet, he developed the Impressionism characteristic loose brush style, with the ever-changing in the light colours. In addition to the landscapes, also portraits emerged by his painter friends and his favorite model Lise Tréhot. In the summer of 1869 he made a series of paintings of the restaurant "La Grenoullière", where he frequently visited with Monet. These light-filled images illustrate particularly clearly his distinctive style of volatile brushstrokes and delicate, bright colours, which can hold the flickering of the air and the sparkle of the water.

Renoir also expressed again with muted tonality and denser brush dealing with works by Courbet and Delacroix. His late work demonstrates tremendous colour power and combined with graphic elements which can be anything, suspecting from his severe rheumatic disease, especially of the hands. With the help of a student of the sculptor Maillol created during this period some bronze sculptures.

The most important painter and printmaker of Impressionism died as an internationally recognized artist on 03.12.1919 in Cagnes-sur-Mer.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

Designation for an art object (sculpture, installation), which is produced according to the will of the artist in multiple copies in a limited and numbered edition.

Artist's multiple contributed to "democratization" of art as the work was made available and affordable for a wider audience.

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