Aristide Maillol:
Sculpture "Baigneuse debout drapée - Standing Bather with Towel" (1900), Reduction in Bronze

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Aristide Maillol:
Sculpture "Baigneuse debout drapée - Standing Bather with Towel" (1900), Reduction in Bronze

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ars mundi special edition | Limited, 980 copies | Numbered | Signature | Foundry stamp | Certificate | Bronze | Patinated | Reduction | Format 38.5 x 10 x 10 cm (H/W/D) | Weight 3.5 kg

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Aristide Maillol: Sculpture "Baigneuse debout drapée - Standing Bather with Towel" (1900), Reduction in Bronze

The main topic in the work of Maillols Hauptthema is the feminine nude, which he copies from the living models, but adds individual traits to create harmonious, sensual femininity. The "Standing Bather with Towel" shows that Maillol has found his style quite early and barely changed it in the next decades.

Fine bronze, cast by hand in lost wax technique and as the original patinated brown. The shape was taken directly from the original and reduced (reduction). Limited edition 980 copies, individually numbered and stamped with the original signature and the foundry hallmark. arsmundi special edition, edited in cooperation with the Bremen Art Hall. With a numbered authenticity and limitation certificate. Format 38.5 x 10 x 10 cm (H/W/D). Weight 3.5 kg.

"The important French sculptor Aristide Maillol is represented in the collection of the Art Hall Bremen with several works, combining a lifelong fascination with the motif of a female nude with a reduced, classical design language. "Standing Bather with Towel" is a particularly beautiful specimen of a self-contained figure. " (Prof. Dr. Christoph Grunenberg, Director of the Art Hall Bremen)

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1861-1944

Aristide Maillol was close to Auguste Rodin, who valued him much, as one of the most important French sculptors of his generation. His path to sculpture was quite unusual: around 1895, when he was only in his mid-thirties, he seriously began to employ with sculptural works in wood and clay. He was a self-study; he had initially studied painting at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and initially appeared primarily as a painter and graphic artist significantly influenced by Paul Gauguin. However, he had early broadened his artistic means of expression by focusing on ceramic art, weaving, and knotting - Maillol's first major solo exhibition was a collection of tapestries and miniature sculptures. Since the turn of the century, he concentrated on sculpture more and more.

On the one hand, Maillol's sculptures, are strongly related to classical sculpture by their emphasis on symmetry and balance, but on the other hand, they make the first step towards abstraction and have become the model for the next generation of sculptors. His central theme is the feminine nude, which, although developed from the living model, receives individual traits of the artist works, that is the harmonically self-contain and always sensuous femininity.

Among Maillol's most famous works are the large-scale sculptures "The Three Nymphs" in the Jardin des Tuileries in Paris and, especially famous among the German art lovers, "The River," a reclining female nude, which can be admired in front of the Hamburg Kunsthalle.

Designation for an art object (sculpture, installation), which is produced according to the will of the artist in multiple copies in a limited and numbered edition.

Artist's multiple contributed to "democratization" of art as the work was made available and affordable for a wider audience.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting