Ernst Barlach:
Sculpture "The singer (Singing Monastery students)" (1931), reduction in Bronze


Ernst Barlach:
Sculpture "The singer (Singing Monastery students)" (1931), reduction in Bronze

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Ars Mundi Exclusive Edition | Limited 980 pieces | Bronze | Patinated | Numbered | Signature | Sculpture casting Hallmark | Certificate | Reduction | Size 7.5 x 33 x 5 cm (W / H / D) | Weight 2.2 kg

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture "The singer (Singing Monastery students)" (1931), reduction in Bronze

Ernst Barlach "Communion of Saints": symbols of human existence

Ernst Barlach was up in the 30s into highly recognized as a writer and as a sculptor of figural sculptures. In 1925 he became an honorary member of the Academy of fine arts in Munich. During this time created several monumental memorials, which once should gain international recognition, including also the "Gustrow Memorial", the famous "Hovering Angel" in the Gustrower Cathedral. In 1934, however, the tide turned. Barlach, standing in the sixth decade of life, had to see his works as "decadent" were defamed and disappeared from the museums. The memorials designed by him have been destroyed, "The floating" from the Gustrower Cathedral even melted -if he would not have friends hiding a second casting until the war ended, the work would have been lost today.

With the sculpture "Woman in the wind" and "The singer" are similar. You were confiscated along with some 380 other works.Their Savior was at the same time their principal: Carl Georg Heise, director of the Museum in Lubeck. In 1929, he had stimulated Barlach to design a sculpture ensemble entitled "Communion of Saints" for the west facade of the Lubeck St. Catherine's Church. It should be 16, realized between 1930 and 1932 of there are only three: "The beggars", "The singer" and "The woman in the wind".Three other figures: "Bound," "The Wanderer" and "The Hornblower" have remained in previous models. Carl Georg Heise was dismissed in 1933, but successfully fought the existing three figures as private property.In 1939, the year after Barlach death, they were handed to him, and so they survived the war time "in boxes [...] under the porch of the house of my mother in law," as he later reported. Until 1947 they finally found their way to the intended niche of St. Catherine's Church.

The spatial effect of the Gothic church and the narrowness of the niche as a site specific Barlach form ideas. The proximity to the medieval sculpture is obvious; However, Barlach designed no saints in Christian iconography, but rather symbols of human existence and the world faces, "suffering and glorified human figures, each in his own way, struggling with his God" (Carl Georg Heise).

Sculpture "The singer (Singing Monastery students)":

In strictly upright posture and with a volume in hands of the young monk raises his voice. The gaze is directed on the face - it of full of concentration and devotion, be it God or the divine power of music. Bronze after a 1:4 scale model of 1931. Lost wax cast and hand patinated. Limited edition 980 pieces individually numbered and provided with the acquired from the original signature "E. Barlach" and the foundry punze. Ars Mundi Exclusive Edition, published in cooperation with the Ernst Barlach society. Numbered authenticity certificate and limitation. Size 7.5 x 33 x 5 cm (W / H / D) Weight 2.2 kg.

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1870-1938, Sculptor, writer and artist

Ernst Barlach was born on January 2,1870 in Wedel and died on August 24, 1938 in Rostok. He took the outstanding position in the German expressionism. As a graphic, painter and a writer and especially as an architect Barlach created the mileposts of the history of arts. The plastic works of Barlach search for the borderline experience and its expression and the special effect of his works lies in that. These are works of the multilayered meaning, in which the knowledge of a human is put in the foreground, what stands over “me” and “things” of the world.

The intention of Barlach roots in the deep, in something inner. He underwent the war and the difficult living conditions and experienced suffering and happiness. And also in the center of his creation there stands a human: Ecce homo.

“I request nothing else as bad and right to be an artist. This is my belief that everything that is not expressed through the work, through forms can pass in the sphere of something different. My desire and creative impulse circle round the problem of the sense of life and the other great mountains of the spiritual area.” (Ernst Barlach)

In 1925 Ernst Barlach became the member of the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. In 1933 he became a member of the Peace Class of the military order "Pour le Mérite". In 1937 the national socialists declined his works as the “degraded art” at all the open collections and places. On October 24, 1938 Ernst Barlach died in Rostok. Today the works of Ernst Barlach became a tight part of the leading museums and collections and achieved – where available – the auction records.

“The Singing Man” was the most famous statue of Ernst Barlach, an icon of modern. He decorated the book illustrations and posters, the early edition is the important part of collections in the great museums of the world, e.g. the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

Designation for an art object (sculpture, installation), which is produced according to the will of the artist in multiple copies in a limited and numbered edition.

Artist's multiple contributed to "democratization" of art as the work was made available and affordable for a wider audience.