Head of an Olympic champion

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Head of an Olympic champion

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https://www.arsmundi.com/en/artwork/head-of-an-olympic-champion-024128.html
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Bronze | Patinated | Height 43 cm

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Head of an Olympic champion

Under the watchful eyes of Apollo he fought for victory for himself and his city. The odes on his fame have faded, the laurel is taken off his head, but he will probably become immortalized by Phidias himself, will live: with slightly bowed head - thoughtful, reflecting yet completely present._x000D_

Original: Musée du Louvre, Paris. Attic classic, late 5th century BC._x000D_

Bronze with subtle patination. Height with the plinth 43 cm.

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An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting