Wilhelm Lehmbruck:
Bust "Dropped Woman's Head" (1910), Version in Bronze

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Wilhelm Lehmbruck:
Bust "Dropped Woman's Head" (1910), Version in Bronze

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ars mundi special edition | Limited, 980 copies | Numbered | Signature | Foundry stamp | Certificate | Bronze | Patinated | Reduction | Format 23 x 23 x 13 cm (H/W/D) | Weight 4.5 kg

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Wilhelm Lehmbruck: Bust "Dropped Woman's Head" (1910), Version in Bronze

The art of Lehmbruck, like one of his contemporaries, was influenced by the works of Auguste Rodin. His main motif is the human, representing which the artist often breaks the body proportions to reach the bigger expressive power. Like Rodin, in his later works he addressed to presenting separate parts of the human body; the work "Dropped Woman's Head" is a part of his series "Great Statues" from 1910, in which he limited the sculptures to presenting the head, neck, and shoulders of the busts.

Sculpture "Dropped Woman's Head":
Edition in fine bronze, cast by hand in lost wax technique and patinated reddish brown. The shape was taken directly from the original and reduced (reduction). Limited edition 980 copies, individually numbered and stamped with the original signature and the foundry hallmark. arsmundi special edition, edited in cooperation with the Kunsthalle Bremen. With numbered authenticity and limitation certificate. Size 23 x 23 x 13 cm (H/W/D). Weight 4.5 kg.

"Wilhelm Lehmbruck belongs to the pioneers of the modern sculpture, which reduces the human body shape to the fundamental traits. This is especially well manifested, in my opinion, in the "Dropped Woman's Head" from 1910. The sculptor was closely connected with the Art Hall Bremen, and especially with the director Siegfried Salzmann, which ran the Lehmbruck Museum in Duisburg." (Prof. Dr. Christoph Grunenberg, Director of the Art Hall Bremen)

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Wilhelm Lehmbruck is considered to be one of the pioneers of modern sculpture of the 20th century At the Art Academy in Dusseldorf, he became master student of Karl Janssen in 1901. In 1904, the first major exhibition of Rodin in Germany left lasting impression on the students. His artistic environment certain instrumental development of Lehmbrucks: in Paris in 1910 he met Matisse, Archipenko, Brancusi and Modigliani, who promoted his way to the expressionistic plastic

Sculptural representation of person's head and shoulders.

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

Designation for an art object (sculpture, installation), which is produced according to the will of the artist in multiple copies in a limited and numbered edition.

Artist's multiple contributed to "democratization" of art as the work was made available and affordable for a wider audience.


Artistic movement that replaced the Impressionism in the early 20th century.

Expressionism is the German form of the art revolution in painting, graphics and sculpture, which found its precursor in the works of Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin in the late 19th century. The Expressionists tried to advance to the basic elements of painting. With vibrant, unbroken colors in large areas and with the emphasis on line and the resulting targeted suggestive expressiveness they fought against the artistic taste established by bourgeoisie.

The most important representatives of Expressionism were the founders of "Die Brücke" (The Bridge): Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Max Pechstein, Otto Mueller and Franz Marc, August Macke, among others.

Masters of Viennese Expressionism are Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka.

The Fauvism is the French form of Expressionism.

Related Links:
Brücke
Fauvism

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

Graphic or sculpture edition that was initiated by ars mundi and is available only at ars mundi or at distribution partner licensed by ars mundi.