Charles Rennie Mackintosh
The architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh is regarded as one of the founders of Scottish Art Nouveau representatives and has spent life in a search for "true, modern, individual art".
Born in 1868 in Glasgow, Scotland, Mackintosh studied at the Glasgow School of Art, but also worked as a draftsman in an architectural company. His first designs show a clear rejection of historicism. Curvy, gracefully shaped grids adorn the first tea room he designed. Participation in the London Arts and Crafts exhibition helped him to gain recognition far beyond Scotland. His sense of volume and geometry of the line gave new impetus to the predominantly French Art Nouveau style
His buildings are usually clearly designed and form in their unity of plastic elements and windows a balanced unity. Mackintosh is therefore also an important forerunner of the functional and rational architectural concept of the 20th century. His designs in the field of craftsmanship with the houses and interiors built by him achieve unique overall impression. No other artist of his time was able to combine rational and expressive elements in such a fascinating way.
On December 10, 1928, Mackintosh died in London.
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