The French painter fled to Switzerland in 1873, where he died on December 31, 1877. As a follower of the revolutionary government in the Franco–Prussian War 1870–71 and a member of the community, after its defeat was made responsible for the toppling of the Vendôme Column, a symbol of the hated empire. After a six-month prison sentence, he eluded the cost of reestablishment by escaping to Switzerland.
Born on 10th of June 1819 in Ornans at Besançon Courbet began his training for a law degree but soon found greater interest in painting. This training was also abandoned for the sake of autodidactic further education. Soon, he found his characteristic style: detail, plasticity and high expressiveness. It is also realism that illustrates his anti-authoritarian and social awareness. In his writings, he declared: "The art of painting can consist only in the representation of objects visible and tangible to the painter. (...) Realism is essentially a democratic art.“
However, Courbet found no recognition in France during his lifetime but was valued all the more in Germany. His works had a great influence on such painters as Wilhelm Leibl and Hans Thoma. His landscapes and figure paintings are not just realistic depictions of nature but often have an allegorical claim.
Gustave Courbet$ 558,23 (490,00 EUR) $ 521,95 (458,15 EUR)
Gustave Courbet$ 706,34 (620,00 EUR) $ 660,42 (579,70 EUR)