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Johann Gottfried Schadow: Wall relief ‘Frederick the Great on Horseback’ (1807)

Johann Gottfried Schadow:
Wall relief ‘Frederick the Great on Horseback’ (1807)

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Cast stone | Handmade and -painted | Format 32.5 x 35.5 x 2.5 cm (W/H/D) | Weight 4 kg

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Johann Gottfried Schadow: Wall relief ‘Frederick the Great on Horseback’ (1807)

Schadow’s famous work is the Quadriga on the Brandenburg Gate from 1794. His wall relief ‘Frederick the Great on Horseback’ was created in 1807. The original is made of plaster and is located in the Academy of Arts, Fine Art Collection Berlin._x000D_

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Relief of cast stone, cast and painted by hand. Format 32.5 x 35.5 x 2.5 cm (W/H/D). Weight 4 kg.

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Johann Gottfried Schadow (1764-1850) was the most important German sculptor of the Napoleonic era. Trained in the Royal workshop and he became in 1788 the court sculptor workshop and "Director of all sculptures". To the classical Ideal increasingly joined Schadow in realistic, national and individual traits. His style was classically perfect and lifelike for the 19th century.

His art combines a natural sensuality dilating from the Rococo and grace with a great realism. His double statue of Princesses Louise and Friederike von Preussen in marble, is the first life-size double statue of classicism and set standards for the Memorial sculpture of the 19th century. He created the famous Quadriga atop the Brandenburg Gate in copper seamless because the bronze casting technology for large objects could not still find application. In the restoration period, Schadow found realistic classicism of fewer clients and was ousted in 1820 by the official and representative emphasized art of his disciple Caspar Daniel Rauch.

Until his death, Schadow worked as Director of the Berlin Academy and practiced from great influence through his writings.

The term for the art movements that refer to ancient, mostly Greek models.

According to the current understanding, classicism is the epoch between 1750 and 1840 when the late Baroque was gradually replaced by the classically-orientated art. The great explorations of Greek art and architecture at that time awakened a true enthusiasm for antique models. The Glyptothek in Munich, the Panthéon in Paris, The New Guard House (Neue Wache) and the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin are just a few examples of the revived classical style.

IThe leaders of the statuary art were such artists as Antonio Canova, Bertel Thorvaldsen, in Germany Johann Gottfried Schadow and Christian Daniel Rauch.

In painting, the outstanding representatives of this style are Jaques-Louis David or J.A.D. Ingres.

An art work that is cut in from a stone or wooden surface, not modeled in the round.

According to the degree of projection one can distinguish between low-relief or bas-relief and high relief. The sunk relief is a common form of reliefs in Ancient Egypt, where the depicted scenes were cut into the stone or wood surface.

Among the most famous reliefs are the works of the Florentine master Lorenzo Ghiberti. He created, among others, the bronze doors of the Florence Baptistery, called by Michelangelo the "Gates of Paradise".

Collective term for all casting processes that ars mundi carries out with the help of specialized art foundries.

Cast stone
Equivalent of artificial marble, with the difference that the substitute stone in powder form is used instead of marble powder.

Cold cast bronze
Bronze powder bound by a polymer. By special polishing and patination techniques the surface of the casting gets a look that corresponds to the bronze.

ARA wooden copy
In order to guarantee absolute fidelity to the original, an artificially manufactured imitation wood is used as a base material which has typical wood characteristics: density, workability, color and surface structure.

Ceramic casting
As a rule castable clay is used in ceramic casting, which then is fired and possibly glazed. Plaster molds are often used instead of the usual rubber molds in ceramic casting and in porcelain production.

Bronze casting
In this case, the thousand-year-old lost-wax technique is used. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Related links:
ARA Kunst
Bronze casting
Lost-wax casting technique

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

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