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Franz Marc: Sculpture "Two Horses" (1908/1909), bronze edition

Franz Marc:
Sculpture "Two Horses" (1908/1909), bronze edition

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Bronze | Size: 23 x 22 cm (W x H)

http://www.arsmundi.com/

Franz Marc: Sculpture "Two Horses" (1908/1909), bronze edition

The horse in all its elegance and vitality became a symbol of life, of the reality and the freedom for Marc. It symbolizes the power of culture, agriculture and mobility the horse only allows the people. But nature has been there even before the people: free, unaffected, and powerful.

Sculptor model after the original in the Stadtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich (catalog of works Lankheit 906). An image of tenderness, dynamic and perfect harmony provides Franz Marc powerfully modeled horses couple - a symbol of the modern sculpture. Size: 23 x 22 cm (WxH)

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Franz MarcFranz Marc (1880-1916) unique talent was recognized and nurtured at the Munich Academy. On several trips to Paris, he was impressed by Van Gogh works, as he saw it for the first time. These works were significantly and helped him to develop autonomous artistic language. Through his friend August Macke, Wassily Kandinsky and Gabriele Munter and Alfred Kubin, he knew about the expressionist artists association founded in 1911 "The Blue Rider". At the outbreak of the First World War Marc was drafted into military service and fell two years later in the grave fighting at Verdun.

Marc grappled with naturalism, the Art Nouveau and the French Impressionism, but was looking for a new expression language to represent "the spiritual essence of things" can. With never a previously unknown consequence he opened the way for an art in the colours far beyond the naturalistic representation acquired a symbolic meaning: "Every colour must say clearly who and what it is, and has to this on a clear form", said Marc. Blue is the colour of the spiritual with him, red is love, passion and vulnerability, yellow is the sun and the femininity.

In the center of his painting were in particular animals, for him it symbolized purity and originality in contrast to people. Just like Kandinsky he was looking for the renewal of the spiritual in art.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

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