Buddha sculpture "Shakyamuni" art castings

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Museum-replica | Art castings | Handmade | Height: 30 cm

http://www.arsmundi.com/

Buddha sculpture "Shakyamuni" art castings

The dialog between man and object welcoming, asymmetrically corresponding to many open possibilities of life towards the Taoism of the Mahayana doctrine and the painting analog from the representation to the hint to exhilarating find hidden beauty.

Original: State Museum of Ethnology, Munich. Japan, 19th century, stone, Height: 30 cm. Polymeric Ars Mundi museum replica, hand cast.

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Collective term for all casting processes that ars mundi carries out with the help of specialized art foundries.

Cast stone
Equivalent of artificial marble, with the difference that the substitute stone in powder form is used instead of marble powder.

Cold cast bronze
Bronze powder bound by a polymer. By special polishing and patination techniques the surface of the casting gets a look that corresponds to the bronze.

ARA wooden copy
In order to guarantee absolute fidelity to the original, an artificially manufactured imitation wood is used as a base material which has typical wood characteristics: density, workability, color and surface structure.

Ceramic casting
As a rule castable clay is used in ceramic casting, which then is fired and possibly glazed. Plaster molds are often used instead of the usual rubber molds in ceramic casting and in porcelain production.

Bronze casting
In this case, the thousand-year-old lost-wax technique is used. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Related links:
ARA Kunst
Bronze casting
Lost-wax casting technique

The mold is usually taken directly from the original, so that the replica reproduces even the finest details. After casting the replica, using the most appropriate method, the surface is polished, patinated, gilded or painted according to the original.

A replica of ars mundi is a recognizable image of the original.

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

The art of Japan received its significant impetus from China, through the acquisition of Chinese culture and writing, the introduction of Buddhism, and also from Korea. The initial imitation was followed by the emergence of specifically Japanese forms and techniques from all areas of artistic creation. Different styles emerged as a result of conjunction with Buddhism, Zen and Shinto religions.

Japanese early history begins in the 7th millennium B.C. Pottery finds from this period indicate linear decor. Stylized clay figures and masks have been also discovered from this period.

The Yayoi period lasted from the 3rd century B.C. until the 3rd century A.D. and took its name from the archaeological site of bronze mirrors, bronze weapons and bronze bells with geometric and figural ornamentation.

Kofun (3rd - 6th century)
Rediscovered grave goods, bronze objects, ceramics, jewelry made of jasper, gold and silver demonstrate the artistic creations of that time. .

Asuka and Hukaho Period (552 – 710)
With the official acceptance of Buddhism, Chinese and Korean influence on the art of Japan increased. However, the Shinto architecture preserved its prehistoric building styles in the shrines and wooden pile-structures. The Buddhist sculptures of that time were strongly influenced by Korea and China.

Nara Period (710 – 794)
The art of that period that was achieved with a great deal of effort continued to follow Chinese models. Only the floor plan and about 200 sculptures have been preserved from the imperial palace. Huge, 16-meter-high bronze casting of the "giant Buddha" of Todaiji is impressive. New materials, dry lacquer and clay made it possible to depict both monumental and dramatically moving figures. Later, the Chinese influence waned; the sculptures were blocky, the garments had wave-like folds.

Heian Period (794 – 1185)
Named after the newly built capital of Heian-kyo, present-day Kyoto. The sculptors mainly presented new forms of ,all Buddha' in wooden sculptures of massive weight. The second half of the epoch continued the Japanisation of the art. Sculptural works acquired more graceful elegance and emotion. The painting of this period was preserved almost exclusively through the famous Byodoin Phoenix Hall. The paintings show delicate colors and a penchant for soft beauty and rounding of lines. Calligraphy gained great importance, which was valued higher than painting in East Asia.

Kamakura Period (1185 – 1336)
With the establishment of the Kamakura shogunate, a new cultural center was built. Hardness and warlike spirit determined this golden age of Japanese chivalry. The sculptor Kokai and his descendants created sculptures with deep cuts, strong body and inlaid, naturalistically crafted crystal eyes. The introduction of Zen Buddhism had an impact initially only on architecture, but later on painting as well. The handicrafts created paint equipment, writing implements, toilet boxes, glazed earthenware and ceramic. The art of weapons, the manufacturing of armor and blades for swords experienced their high bloom.

Muromachi Period (1336 – 1573)
It is named after the district of Kyoto, where the Ashikaga shogunate had its residence. The profane architecture took over the Shoin style of Zen temples, that resulted in the basic style of Japanese house today. Teahouse and refined garden art were also developed under the Zen influence. Zen monks cultivated the Japanese ink painting. The magnificent landscape paintings by Sesshu are artistic highlights of that time.

Momoyama Period ( 1573 – 1603)
It is named after the palace of the commander Toyotomi Hideyoshi on the Momoyama Hill near Kyoto. This time, marked by luxury and pomposity, is characterized by the art that was freed from religious ties and served for pure representation purposes. The pompous castles were destroyed except for a few. But the luxury there is reflected in rich wood carvings and metal fittings. The castles were decorated with magnificent paintings in delicate colors on a gold leaf background, the metal art was highly developed.

Edo Period (1603 – 1848)
The Edo era is the 250 year period of peace when bourgeois art and culture developed. Villas and tea houses were built with sophisticated and simple taste. The decorative painting experienced a new upswing. The technique of hand-colored plates was further developed by the addition of 2 color plates for four-color printing. The ceramics detached from the Sino-Korean influence and developed a characteristic Japanese style. The porcelain art was enriched by charming printings with enamel colours. The finest and best quality porcelain, which in contrast to the Imari porcelain was not intended for export, was supplied by the furnaces of Okochi. The new art of netsuke carving appeared, which men wore as a counterweight to Inro (medicine tin) or tobacco pouch on a belt. The era ended with the forced opening of the country by the Americans and the transfer of governmental power to the emperor.
Meiji Period (1868 – 1912)
It was the era of westernisation in all areas of life. The painting developed using European models, but returned to old traditions over time. The Tokyo School of Fine Arts took on the role of promoting the Japanese painting. However, the sculpture continued to follow the European model until the time of the School, that carried on developing the traditional art of woodcarving.

Related links:
Netsuke

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