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Jan Vermeer van Delft: Miniature porcelain painting ‘Girl with a Pearl Earring’, 1665

Jan Vermeer van Delft:
Miniature porcelain painting ‘Girl with a Pearl Earring’, 1665

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Miniature painting on porcelain | Handmade | Passé-partout | Solid wood molding | Format 9.7 x 10.8 cm

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Jan Vermeer van Delft: Miniature porcelain painting ‘Girl with a Pearl Earring’, 1665

Mini-paintings on fine porcelain have been made mostly for aristocratic collector for centuries. This mini-painting is a museum masterpiece that is put entirely by hand on genuine Thuringian porcelain, burned twice and set on pastel passé-partout. Finally, the shiny gold edge with sheet metal is applied by hand, too. The valuable picture is completed by the several times grounded and polished solid wood molding._x000D_

Original: oil on canvas, Mauritiushuis, the Hague._x000D_

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Format 9.7 x 10.8 cm.

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Jan Vermeer is one of the most important Dutch painters of the Baroque period. The data in the life of the Dutch painter of genre based on the baptism at 31.10.1632 in Delft and his local burial at the 15.12.1675. Since there was no school of painting in Delft at that time, the son of a silk Weaver, art dealer and innkeeper received technical training. Inclusion in the Delft Guild of Saint Luke 1650 testify to for his work as a painter. Today, only 37 paintings by his hand are yet known. Thematically, he focused on the genre painting, because in his Œuvre there are only a few portraits or religious pictures.

Quiet, security and peace of mind broadcast the views of the interior. With subtle colour harmonies and subtle shadows was the Delft painter to achieve these effects. In addition, he was a master of the shortened perspective. The genre paintings show little figurine-scenes which often attributed to a vivid symbol content.

Emphasized is Vermeer's Delft Cityscape from 1661, demonstrates the naturalism of high master ship. Besides, was "The Girl with a Pearl Earring" the epitome of beauty and grace. For the painter, it was a challenge to bring the viewer into contact with the model. Cleverly makes eye contact Young woman connects, but simultaneously achieved through the body back facing away distance. Rightly seen many generations of art lovers of the extraordinary expression of the image have been fascinated.

Vermeer was seeking perfection in his paintings, so often just four pictures were taken in the year. The father of eleven children had therefore also opposed to fight financial emergency, which grew in the last years of his life. Already after his death Jan Vermeer fell into oblivion. Not until the middle of the 19th century he learned again to appreciate the quality of his images.

Epochal term for the art of the 17th century. Baroque art style that emanated from Rome in 1600 permeated fine arts, literature and music practically all over Europe within a very short time and lasted until 1770 in the fine arts. The last phase is generally characterized by the rococo.

Characteristic features include: the pulsating movement of all forms, the abolition of boundaries between architecture, painting and sculpture, that resulted in typical for the era synthesis of the arts, and especially in specific handling of light, which became an important artistic component. The subordination of the part to the whole led to the emergence of a single and, at the same time, dynamic space, which comes into full effect in the magnificent buildings of its time.

The Baroque art, with its tendency towards greatness, magnificence and rushing abundance clearly reflects the desire for representation, which was a concern of secular and ecclesiastical, especially Catholic customers strengthened through Counter-Reformation of that time. In painting, characteristic features of the Baroque, are manifested in the altar and ceiling painting, history and portrait.

The area of the sculpture is typically represented by such artists as Anthony van Dyck, Peter Paul Rubens, Gian Lorenzo Bernini and others.

Related links:
Rococo

Ceramic product made from kaolin, quartz and feldspar.

Porcelain is formed by turning or pressing. Figural representations are cast. Complex molds have to be cast in sections and then "applied". After molding, the pieces are dried and "burnt" at about 900 °C. After that, the glaze is applied and fired at temperatures between 1,240 °C and 1,445 °C. In major manufactures, the porcelain is painted by hand with each color separately and has to be burned in compliance with narrow temperature tolerances.

The porcelain was invented in China and became widespread in Europe in the 16th century. The first European porcelain factory was founded in Meissen in 1710.

Other famous European porcelain factories are Fürstenberg, Höchst, Schwarzburger Werkstätten, Lladró, Nymphenburg, KPM, Augarten, Sèvres, Limoges, Royal Copenhagen, Worcester. Individual factories label their products with the porcelain brands that serve to identify their origin.

Related links:
Schwarzburg Workshops of the Porcelain Art
Lladró

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