Ernst Barlach:
Sculpture "Head of Güstrower Memorial", reduction in bronze

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Ars Mundi exclusive edition | Limited, 980 exemplars | Serially numbered | Signature | Casting punch | Certificate | Bronze + stone | Reduction | Format: 22.5 x 28 x 19 cm (W/H/D) | Weight 5.75 kg

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Ernst Barlach: Sculpture "Head of Güstrower Memorial", reduction in bronze

Memorial and friendship statement: The "Floating"

One of the most famous works of Ernst Barlach, the "Floating", was created as memorial for the victims of the first world war and was placed as such between 1927 and 1937 in a niche of Güstrower Dome. It is also in a double way, a friendship statement: as a whole (catalogue no. 425) and as detail cast "Head of Güstrower Memorial" (catalogue no. 426).

The fact that the whole sculpture still exists is due to Barlach´s friends. They commissioned, shortly after artist´s death in 1938, another cast after the available work model and hid it after, in 1937, "The Floating" had been classified by NS authorities as "degenerate", removed from the dome and, finally, melted down. Today, it is placed in the Antoniterkirche in Köln and could be used in its turn for producing another casting. Thus, Barlach´s masterpiece returned in 1953 to the Güstrower Dome, reminding us since then on the victims of 1914-1918 and of 1939-45, the years being engraved beneath, in stone.

The "Head of the Güstrower Memorial", Barlach´s detail casting of 1930, is a document of direct friendship between artists. Its face traits are clearly - although "unintentionally", as Barlach claimed later - those of his friend artist Käthe Kollwitz. Her works were also proscribed in National Socialist Germany. In 1936, her works were removed from the Academy Exhibition in Berlin. She was no longer present as an artist. Therefore, the "Head of Güstrower Memorial" is acting in hindsight and as foreboding of fate solidarity: it is a portrait of an artist revered by Barlach with friendship and she was soon going to pass through difficult times.

The specificities of this edition: Made of fine bronze, hand-cast using the lost wax technique. The form was taken directly after the original and reduced. Limited to 980 exemplars, individually serially numbered, with casting punch. ars mundi exclusive edition, made in cooperation with the Ernst Barlach Company. With serially numbered authenticity and limiting certificate.

Version on stone base. Detail casting of the "Floating" (WVZ 244, 1927), created for the first time in 1930 (WVZ 426). Fixed on a stone base. Format: with base 22.5 x 28 x 19 cm (W/H/D), Weight 5.75 kg.

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1870-1938, Sculptor, writer and artist

Ernst Barlach Ernst Barlach was born on January 2,1870 in Wedel and died on August 24, 1938 in Rostok. He took the outstanding position in the German expressionism. As a graphic, painter and a writer and especially as an architect Barlach created the mileposts of the history of arts. The plastic works of Barlach search for the borderline experience and its expression and the special effect of his works lies in that. These are works of the multilayered meaning, in which the knowledge of a human is put in the foreground, what stands over “me” and “things” of the world.

The intention of Barlach roots in the deep, in something inner. He underwent the war and the difficult living conditions and experienced suffering and happiness. And also in the center of his creation there stands a human: Ecce homo.

“I request nothing else as bad and right to be an artist. This is my belief that everything that is not expressed through the work, through forms can pass in the sphere of something different. My desire and creative impulse circle round the problem of the sense of life and the other great mountains of the spiritual area.” (Ernst Barlach)

In 1925 Ernst Barlach became the member of the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. In 1933 he became a member of the Peace Class of the military order "Pour le Mérite". In 1937 the national socialists declined his works as the “degraded art” at all the open collections and places. On October 24, 1938 Ernst Barlach died in Rostok. Today the works of Ernst Barlach became a tight part of the leading museums and collections and achieved – where available – the auction records.

“The Singing Man” was the most famous statue of Ernst Barlach, an icon of modern. He decorated the book illustrations and posters, the early edition is the important part of collections in the great museums of the world, e.g. the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

Graphic or sculpture edition that was initiated by ars mundi and is available only at ars mundi or at distribution partner licensed by ars mundi.

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

Designation for an art object (sculpture, installation), which is produced according to the will of the artist in multiple copies in a limited and numbered edition.

Artist's multiple contributed to "democratization" of art as the work was made available and affordable for a wider audience.


Artistic movement that replaced the Impressionism in the early 20th century.

Expressionism is the German form of the art revolution in painting, graphics and sculpture, which found its precursor in the works of Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin in the late 19th century. The Expressionists tried to advance to the basic elements of painting. With vibrant, unbroken colors in large areas and with the emphasis on line and the resulting targeted suggestive expressiveness they fought against the artistic taste established by bourgeoisie.

The most important representatives of Expressionism were the founders of "Die Brücke" (The Bridge): Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Max Pechstein, Otto Mueller and Franz Marc, August Macke, among others.

Masters of Viennese Expressionism are Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka.

The Fauvism is the French form of Expressionism.

Related Links:
Brücke
Fauvism

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