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Edgar Degas: Sculpture "Dancer Adjusting Her right shoe attractive", bronze

Edgar Degas:
Sculpture "Dancer Adjusting Her right shoe attractive", bronze

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Museum-replica | Bronze | Handmade | Height: 45 cm

http://www.arsmundi.com/

Edgar Degas: Sculpture "Dancer Adjusting Her right shoe attractive", bronze

Original: Musee du Louvre, Paris. Around 1910 cast. Degas signature and stamp of the caster. Ars Mundi museum replica in fine bronze, hand made lost wax. Height: 45 cm.

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Paintings of charming dancers and colorful theatre scenes are in the center of Degas’ creation since the mid-1860s. They belong to a group of everyday paintings showing the life of the great city. In many of his creations, Degas criticizes the new, modern world. By unusual details, he highlights the isolation of the single.

The French painter born in 1834, who, according to the wish of his affluent family, would have become a lawyer, studied the old masters in Louvre and in the Italian museums. Classical history paintings and portraits belonged once to his theme and form portfolio. Only after his encounter of Eduard Manet and the regular exhibitions after 1874 with the impressionists, he changed his painting style. However, he never saw himself as representative of this style and insisted on his independence.

In his works, there are no landscapes and he did not use impressionist color and form decomposition. For Degas, humans were the dominant theme of his creation. The connection between his works and the impressionists resided in his attempt to retain the moment. His skills of rendering movement is shown in the dynamic paintings of horse racings and ballet scenes. By fast brush strokes of pastel colors and delicate contour lines, he captures his theme. Degas’ artistic base was the drawing, containing important influences of Japanese xylographs. He transposes his themes in painting as well as in graphic works.

As Degas’ eyesight was weakening toward the end of his life, he switched from painting to sculpture. He modeled statuettes of riders and dancers, thus staying faithful to his familiar themes. Degas dined in 1917 in Paris.

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.

The mold is usually taken directly from the original, so that the replica reproduces even the finest details. After casting the replica, using the most appropriate method, the surface is polished, patinated, gilded or painted according to the original.

A replica of ars mundi is a recognizable image of the original.

The style of Impressionism that emerged in French painting in 1870 owes its name to the Claude Monet's landscape 'Impression, Soleil Levant'. After initial refusal it began a true triumphant advance.

Such painters as Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, Auguste Renoir and others created motifs from everyday life, urban and landscape scenes in a bright, natural light.

Impressionism can be seen as a reaction to the academic painting. The emphasis was not on content with its strict rules of painting structure, but on the object as it appears at any given moment, in an often random cut out. The reality was seen in its whole color variety in natural lighting. The studio painting was replaced by the open-air painting.

The brightening of the palette and the dissolution of firm contours was accompanied by a new way of handling with color. Often, the colors were no longer mixed on the palette but side by side on the canvas so that the final impression lies in the eye of the beholder with a certain distance. In "Pointillism", (with such painters as Georges Seurat or Paul Signac) this principle was carried to the extreme.

Outside France, Impressionism was taken up by such painters as Max Slevogt, Max Liebermann and Lovis Corinth in Germany, and by James A. M. Whistler in the United States.

In sculpture, the impressionism expressed itself only conditionally. In the works of Auguste Rodin, who is considered one of the main representatives, you can see a resolution of the surfaces in which the play of light and shadow is included in the artistic expression. Degas and Renoir created sculptures as well.

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