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Wilhelm Lehmbruck: Sculpture "Mother and Child" (1907), Bronze Version

Wilhelm Lehmbruck:
Sculpture "Mother and Child" (1907), Bronze Version

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Bronze Edition | Patinated | Polished | Format 25.5 x 26 x 22 cm (W/H/D) | Weight ca. 8.4 kg

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Wilhelm Lehmbruck: Sculpture "Mother and Child" (1907), Bronze Version

The "Mother and Child" theme occupied Lehmbruck throughout his life. The version of 1907 is a central work of his first Paris exhibition; it shows the happy loving mother and still clearly belongs to the classical sculpture. Lehmbruck's superior sense of measure and proportion already announces the sculptural poetics of his later works. The sculpture was created after Lehmbruck's first trip to Italy and was expected to be oriented, in its Pietà gesture, at the Old Masters who were admired there.

Sculpture model after the original artwork, format 25.5 x 26 x 22 cm (W/H/D). Edition in fine bronze. Cast using the elaborate lost wax process, hand patinated and polished. Weight ca. 8.4 kg.

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Wilhelm Lehmbruck is considered to be one of the pioneers of modern sculpture of the 20th century At the Art Academy in Dusseldorf, he became master student of Karl Janssen in 1901. In 1904, the first major exhibition of Rodin in Germany left lasting impression on the students. His artistic environment certain instrumental development of Lehmbrucks: in Paris in 1910 he met Matisse, Archipenko, Brancusi and Modigliani, who promoted his way to the expressionistic plastic

An alloy of copper with other metals (especially with tin) used since ancient times.

Bronze casting:

When casting bronze, artist usually applies the lost-wax technique which is dating back more than 5000 years. It's the best, but also the most complex method of producing sculptures.

Sculpture "The Book Reader" by Ernst Barlachs is shown here as an example:

Ernst Barlach: Sculpture 'The book reader'

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 1

First, the artist forms a model of his sculpture. It is embedded in a liquid silicone rubber composition. Once the material has solidified, the model is cut out. The liquid wax is poured in the negative mould. After cooling down, the wax casting is removed from the mould, provided with sprues and dipped into ceramic mass. The ceramic mass is hardened in a kiln, and the wax flows out (lost mould).

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 2Now we finally have the negative form, into which the 1400 ° C hot molten bronze is poured. After the bronze had cooled down, the ceramic shell is broken off and the sculpture comes to light.

Ernst Barlach 'The Book Reader' - Lost Wax Casting Technique Part 3Now the sprues are removed, the surfaces are polished, patinated and numbered by the artist himself or, to his specifications, by a specialist. Thus, each casting becomes an original work

For lower-grade bronze castings, the sand casting method is often used which, however, does not achieve the results of more complex lost wax technique in terms of surface characteristics and quality.

Related links:
Sand casting

A plastic work of sculptural art made of wood, stone, ivory, bronze or other metals.

While sculptures from wood, ivory or stone are made directly from the block of material, for bronze casting a working model is prepared at first. Usually it is made of clay or other easily shaped materials.

The prime time of sculpture after the Roman antiquity was the Renaissance. Impressionism gave a new impulse to the sculptural arts. Also the contemporary artists, such as Jorg Immendorf, Andora, and Markus Lupertz enriched the sculpture with outstanding works.


Artistic movement that replaced the Impressionism in the early 20th century.

Expressionism is the German form of the art revolution in painting, graphics and sculpture, which found its precursor in the works of Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin in the late 19th century. The Expressionists tried to advance to the basic elements of painting. With vibrant, unbroken colors in large areas and with the emphasis on line and the resulting targeted suggestive expressiveness they fought against the artistic taste established by bourgeoisie.

The most important representatives of Expressionism were the founders of "Die Brücke" (The Bridge): Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Max Pechstein, Otto Mueller and Franz Marc, August Macke, among others.

Masters of Viennese Expressionism are Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka.

The Fauvism is the French form of Expressionism.

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Brücke
Fauvism

Collective term for the painters and sculptors of the 20th century, such as Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Joan Miró, Marc Chagall and others, whose works are the most recognized in our times.

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